For centuries Tornio has been the gateway to Lapland. Its success as a trading and market venue stems from its excellent location in the middle of the Bothnian Arc where the River Tornionjoki flows into the Bothnian Bay.
Tornio received its city rights from King Gustav II Adolf in 1621. The current border between Finland and Sweden has profiled the city since 1809.
Today Tornio and Haparanda in Sweden make up an international twin city that altogether has 32 500 inhabitants. The aim of this unique border cooperation is to “enjoy the benefits of two countries but address the obligations of one country”.
The Tornio-Haparanda area is the centre of cross-border trade (IKEA, Rajalla shopping centre), offering fascinating attractions to those appreciating culture and nature: Alatornio Church (UNESCO), Tornio Church, Aine Art Museum, provincial museum, national parks, and the River Tornionjoki, which is famous for its salmon. On the GreenZone golf course you can cross the national border and time zone with a single strike.
The Torne River, also known as the Tornio River, is a river in northern Sweden and Finland. Approximately half of the river’s length is a part of the border between these two countries. It rises at Lake Torne near the border with Norway and flows generally southeast for a distance of 522 kilometres into the Gulf of Bothnia. It is the largest river in Norrbottenboth by length and by watershed area.