Useful advices

What to wear in cold weather Timetables: banks, post offices and shops
Wind Finnish National Holidays 
Lotion  
   

What to wear in cold weather

Dressing in layers: Underwear, midlayer, and outerwear

Underwear which is in closest contact with skin can be a long sleeve shirt and long trousers. They should be made of technical material, synthetic fibers such as thermal underwear that passes moisture from the skin to the next layer.

The middle layer is good to be made of moisture-absorbing material, such as wool or fleece, and the intermediate layers should be dressed as many as needed. Layering is the most effective, as the air warms between clothes. Outerwear should be tightly woven, for example quilted jacket. The function of outerwear is to protect against external moisture and wind.

If You move outside, dress up as much on that at first feels cool. Sweating is “a poison” in cold weather.

Mittens are better than gloves, thus the fingers heats to each other and heat evaporating surface area decreases.

The head must be kept warm, as through the head dissipates a lot more heat compared to other parts of the body. In very cold temperatures genuine fur hat, under cap or ski mask protects well. A proper scarf protects neck.

To protect neck is good to have a decent scarf. The long scarf has the advantage that it can be regulated according the temperature. Coldness in the neck area can easily cause neck pain and headache. Also the ears should be protected, proper stocking cap and additionally a cowl on windy days.

In footwear must be room for foot to move, as the movement of toes increases blood circulation. The best solution is a loose-fitting winter boot and a synthetic moisture-wicking sock, and on top a thin or thick wool sock according the weather.

If the cold begins to creep into the bones, move! Move the facial muscles, fingers and toes, so blood circulates better. Often with cold especially in children, cheeks, chin and tip of the nose will begin to turn red and be the first to display signs of frostbite. A good first aid for this is to heat the items for example with warm hand.

Wind

With wind the weather feels more cold, as it enhances to cool down. For example, 0 ° C, and 20 m / s wind cooled as effectively as -20 ° C to stagnant air.

Lotion

Avoid protective creams and lotions, because they do not help prevent frostbite. On the contrary, they give a false sense of security. Lubricated skin will feel warmer than it really is, which is why other protection is forgotten. Because of lotions or creams the skin does not sting or sore, and the affected area will not be noticed. According to researches made by Armed Forces protective creams and lotions will increase risk of frostbite on your cheekbones to two-fold, three-fold on nose and on ears even up to sixfold.

Skin's own fat and pile layer offers the best protection. So, do not wash nor cream your face before going to zero degrees. Also avoid aftershave lotion and perfume use on your face before outdoor activities. Frosty air dries out the skin, so the skin moisture should be care about, moisture your skin the night before, or well in advance before going out.

Timetables

Banks and post offices:

Banks are open from Mondays to Fridays 10:00 – 13:00 or 10:00 - 16:30, depending of the office. Closed on Saturdays and Sundays.

Central Post Offices are open from Monday to Friday 09:00 – 18:00. Closed on Saturdays and Sundays. Many supermarkets also serves as a post office, which always serves during the supermarkets opening hours, normally during the week at 09:00 – 21.00 and on Saturdays at 09:00 – 18:00. Some of them serve also on Sundays.

Shops:

Large supermarkets serve on weekdays 09:00-21:00, Saturdays 09:00-18:00, and on Sundays they are closed.

Small specialized shops serves from Monday to Friday at 10:00-17:00/18:00, and on Saturdays 10:00 – 14:00/15:00. Closed on Sundays.

Finnish National Holidays

1st of January – New Year’s Day

6th of January – Epiphany

Changeable, Friday – Good Friday

Changeable, Sunday – Easter Day

Changeable, Monday – Easter Monday (pääsiäispäivää seuraava maanantai)

1st of May – “Vappu”, Celebration of work

Changeable, Thursday – Ascension Day (40th Day after Easter)

Changeable, Sunday – Whit Sunday (50th Day after Easter)

Saturday between 20th and 26th of June – Midsummer Day

Saturday between 31st of October and 6th of November – All Saints’ Day

6th of December – Independence Day

25th of December – Christmas Day

26th of December – Boxing Day or 2nd Christmas Day

In Finland the celebration has traditionally already begun on the eve of the feast. New Year's Eve, May Day Eve, Midsummer Eve and Christmas Eve are the actual celebration days, followed holidays are more like days of rest.

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